Master of Arts, University Minnesota, 1952. Doctor of Philosophy, University Minnesota, 1957.
Instructor to associate professor English Ohio State University, Columbus, 1956-1966, professor, since 1967, chairperson department, 1976-1983.
Served with United States Army, 1943-1946, European Theatre of Operations. Member Modern Language Association, Society for Literature and Science.
Married Robin Bell, December 14, 1978.