Bachelor, University of Michigan, 1969; Master of Arts, University of Michigan, 1971; Doctor of Philosophy, University of Michigan, 1978; student, Albert-Ludwigs-University, Freiburg, Germany, 1967-1968.
Lecturer, Saginaw Valley State University, University Center, Michigan, 1971-1973;
lecturer, Bowling Green (Ohio) State University, 1978.
assistant professor art history, Western Maryland. College, Westminster, 1978-1984;
associate professor, Western Maryland. College, Westminster, 1984-1990;
professor, Western Maryland.
College, Westminster, since 1990. Visiting professor art history Harlaxton College, Grantham, England, 1988.
Board of directors Carroll County Citizens for Racial Equality. Member Persian affairs committee National Spiritual Assembly of the Baha'is of the United States, Wilmette, Illinois, 1984-1985. Member North America Historians of Islamic Art (board directors 1993-1995), College Art Association, Middle Eastern Studies Association, Society Iranian Studies, National Museum of Women in the Arts (charter).
Married Heshmat Badiee, July 24, 1972. 1 child, Andaleeb.