Awarded medal of honor, November 4, 1893, for lAwarded medal of honor, November 4, 1893, for leading his division after he was severely wounded, and turned the enemy’s flank, at Piedmont, Virginia, June 5, 1864. Covered retreat of Union Army at head of his regiment at 1st battle of Bull Run. Commanded advance column of General Fremont’s army in Shenandoah Valley.
Commanded brigade, 1st division, 2d battle of Bull Run. Placed in command 11th Army Corps, January 15, 1863. Sent for by President Lincoln and assigned to command in front of Washington, March 13, 1863.
Appointed consul at Yokohama, Japan, and consul general at Shanghai, China, 1884. Resigned, 1885, on account of ill health.