Master of Arts in Economics, University Helsinki, Finland, 1976.
Research assistant, Academy of Finland, Helsinki, 1976-1978; research assistant, Helsinki City Museum, 1978-1979; special planning officer, Economics Planning Centre, Helsinki, 1979-1984; fellow, Center for Finnish Business and Policy Studies, Helsinki, since 1985.
Chairman Finnish Statistical Association, Helsinki, 1985-1986. Member Finnish Yacht Club (secretary 1991-1995, vice-commodore since 2000).
Married Tuula Margit Wikholm, July 3, 1984.