Doctor of Medicine, Medical School Algiers, 1986. Diploma in Medical Biochemistry Metabolism and Lipidology, Medical School Algiers, 1989. Diploma of In-Depth Studies, Pierre et Marie Curie University, Paris, 1991.
Doctor of Philosophy in Clinical Biochemistry, Paris-Sud University, 1995.
Resident in medical biochemistry, Hospital of Algiers, Algeria, 1986-1990; trainee laboratory associate, National Center for Scientific Research, Paris, 1990-1991; laboratory associate, Bicetre Hospital, Paris, since 1991; clinical trials medical monitor, Wyeth-Ayerst, Paris, 1996-1997; clinical project leader, Bayer Pharma, Paris, since 1998.