Diploma in engineering, Helsinki University of Technology, 1948. Licence in technical, Helsinki University of Technology, 1965. Doctor Technology, Helsinki University of Technology, 1968.
Scientific researcher Finnish Research Institute Agricultural Engineering, Helsinki, 1948-1961, head technical division, 1963-1971. Head Research and Development, Tourula Tractor Factory, Valmet Company, Jyväskylä, Finland, 1962. Professor machine design Lappeenranta (Finland) University of Technology, 1971-1972, Tampere (Finland) University of Technology, 1972-1987, head department mechanical engineering, 1974-1981.
Adjunct reader agricultural machinery Helsinki University of Technology, 1952-1975. Chairman advisory committee Occupational Safety Engineering Laboratory, Technology Research Center Finland, Tampere, 1974-1980. Vice president International Tribology Council, 1977-1989, election subcommittee, 1984-1999.
Member science expert group Finnish Olympic Committee 1st lieutenant, pilot Finnish Air Force, 1940-1944. Member Finnish Society Tribology (chairman 1977-1988, honorary chairman since 1988), Finnish Society Maintenance (executive committee 1980-1985), Finnish Society Workshop Engineering, Finnish Society Forestry, Society of Pilots in Finnish Air Forces During the War 1939-1945 (chairman 1999-2000).
Married Hilkka Elisabet Pihlajamäki, July 28, 1946. Children: Marja Elisabet, Leena Annikki.