Master of Arts, University Kyoto, 1942. Doctor of Philosophy in Economics, University Kyoto, 1958.
Instructor University Kyoto, 1947—1948. Assistant professor University Osaka, 1949—1954, professor, 1954—1973, professor emeritus, since 1973. Chairman local government finance commission Japanese Government, Tokyo, since 1960.
Advisor to mayor Osaka, since 1963.
Member of International Institute Public Finance, Japanese Society Public Finance, American Economic Association.
Married Yukie Kawachi, November 19, 1949. 1 child Junichiro.