Bachelor of Philosophy in Social Work, University North Dakota, 1958. Master of Science in Social Work, Columbia University, 1961. Doctor of Philosophy in Sociology, University Minnesota, Minneapolis, 1969.
Child welfare worker North Dakota Department Human Services, Forman, North Dakota, 1958—1960. Child welfare supervisor Williston, 1961—1964. Clinical director North Dakota State Industrial School, Mandan, 1964—1969.
Director North Dakota Law Enforcement Council, Bismark, 1969—1974. Professor, department chairman social work University North Dakota, Grand Forks, since 1974. Consultant North Dakota Department Human Services, since 1976.
President North Dakota Conference Society Welfare, 1977. Member North Dakota History Society, since 1973. Member of American Association State Society Work Boards, Council Social Work Education,, Midwest Society Association, National Association Social Workers.
Married D. Buchfink, June 9, 1962. Children: Christopher, John, Mary.