Bachelor, University Iowa, 1950. Master of Arts, University Iowa, 1951. Doctor of Philosophy, University Iowa, 1963.
English teacher, Glidden (Iowa) High School, 1951-1956; English teacher, Thomas Jefferson High School, Cedar Rapids, Iowa., 1956-1963; assistant Professor of English Education, Kansas State University, Manhattan, 1963-1965; assistant Professor of English, Arizona State University, Tempe, 1965-1967; associate Professor of English, Arizona State University, Tempe, 1967-1971; Professor of English, Arizona State University, Tempe, since 1971.
With United States Navy, 1945-1946. Member National Council Teachers English (chairman conference on English education 1974-1976, Award for Outstanding Contribution to the Field of Adolescent Literature 1983, president adolescent literature assembly 1980-1981, co-editor English Journal 1980-1987).
Married Virginia Juanita Watts (divorced 1970). Children: Sheryl Lynette George, Kurt Allen. Married Annette Whetton (divorced 1983).
Married Marie Elizabeth Smith, May 30, 1983. 1 stepchild, Jenny.