Bachelor, State University of New York, Oswego, 1974. Master of Library Science, Louisiana State University, 1980. Juris Doctor, Louisiana State University, 1980.
Reformed library Fordham University School Law Library., 1981—1982. International, foreign and comparative law library Columbia University Law School Library., New York City, 1982—1983, associate law library, head collection development and technical services, 1983—1993, acting law library, 1994—1995, director Diamond Law Library., since 1996. Lecturer Fudan University, Shanghai, 1986, Columbia University School Library.
Service, New York City, 1986—1991, Columbia Summer Program, Leiden, Netherlands, 1998—2000. Consultant Beijing University, Department of Treaty and Law, China, MetaMetrics, Inc. Grant application evaluator National Endowment of the Humanities.