Bachelor of Laws, University Melbourne, 1979. Bachelor, University Melbourne, 1980. Master of Laws, Monash University, 1986.
Research solicitor Law Institute Victoria, Victoria, 1980—1981, coordinator continuing legal education, 1981—1983. Associate to honorary Sir James Gobbo Supreme Court Victoria, 1983—1985. Barrister-at-law, 1985—1991.
Member House Representatives, Menzies, since 1991, minister aging, 2001—2003, minister employment and workplace relations, since 2003.