Bachelor with honors, Australian National University.
Joined Australian Labor Party, 1972, leader, since 2006. With Department Foreign Affairs and Trade, 1981—1988. Chief of staff to labor opposition leader Queensland State Government, 1988—1992, chief of staff to premier, 1989—1992, director general Office of Cabinet, 1992—1995.
Member of Parliament, Griffith constituency Parliament of Australia, since 1998, chair Federal Parliament Labor Party's Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defense and Trade, 1998—2001. Shadow minister foreign affairs Government of Australia, 2001—2003, shadow minister foreign affairs and international security, 2003—2005, shadow minister foreign affairs, trade and international security, 2005—2006, minister foreign affairs, since 2010. Prime minister Commonwealth of Australia, 2007—2010.
Senior China consultant Klynveld Peat Marwick Goerdeler, 1995—1998. Adjunct professor Asian languages University Queensland, since 1997. Advisory council member Australia-Asia Centre, Korea-Australia Centre.
Member of Australian-American Leadership Dialogue.
Married Therese Rein, 1981. Children: Jessica, Nicholas, Marcus.