Mr. Chu received his early education from his uncle at Changsha, Hunan and at 15, he attended the Changsha Middle School. At 16, he was sent to Japan to study first in Gobun Academy, and then in Seijo Middle School, Tokyo, however before completing his studies, Chu King returned to China and enrolled in the China National Institute, Shanghai. Then he went to America in 1916 and studied in the George Washington University where he received his Bachelor of Arts and Master of Arts degrees in 1919 and post-graduate work at Columbia University, 1920.
In Japan, Chu King joined the revolutionary organization under Dr. Sun Yat-sen's leadership and in 1911, he participated in the revolutionary propaganda at Changsha. After the establishment of the Republic, he served as editor of the National Herald in Beijing (Peking) and various other papers.
In 1916-1920 Mr. Chu was a secretary to the Chinese educational mission, Washington, D.C., and returning to China in 1920, he was appointed a professor of education at the Peking Government University in1922. Chu King was an editor of the Commercial Press and head of the Chinese department of Shanghai Baptist College in 1924-1925. Also, he served as a dean of Kwanghua University, Shanghai, in 1925-1926, and vice-President since 1926.
Chu King held the post of a commissioner of education of the Special Municipality of Shanghai in 1927, then director of elementary and secondary education of the Ministry of Education from 1928 to 1930. Mr. Chu was a vice-Minister of Education in 1930, which position he resigned in December 1930. Later he was a president of Cheeloo University, Jinan (Tsinan), Shantung.