HIH Princess Kitashirakawa Tomiko, consort
HIH Prince Kitashirakawa Naruhisa, heir
Equestrian monument to Prince Kitashirakawa in Kitanomaru Park, located north of the Tokyo Imperial Palace
The ninthson of Prince Kuniie Fushimi-no-Miya.He was proclaimed a Prince in 1858. He entered the Buddhist priesthood under the title Rinnoji-no-miya. He served as abbot of Kan'ei-ji in Edo.He first succeeded to the house of Shorenin-no Miya and later to that of Kajii-no-Miya. Was sent to Prussia for military studies in 1870 and while there succeeded to the house of Kitashirakawa-no-Miya in 1872.
During the unrest of the Boshin War to overthrow the Tokugawa shogunate, Prince Yoshihisa fled north with Tokugawa partisans of the following the Satsuma-Chōshū takeover of the city of Edo, and was made the nominal head of the "Northern Alliance" (Ouetsu Reppan Dōmei). This short-lived alliance consisted of almost all of the domains of northern Japan under the leadership of Date Yoshikuni of Sendai.
Following the Meiji Restoration, in 1873 Emperor Meiji recalled all imperial princes. That same year he succeeded his younger brother, Prince Kitashirakawa Kasunari, as the second head of the new princely house of Kitashirakawa-no-miya.
Prince Kitashirakawa Yoshihisa became a professional soldier, and was sent to Germany for military training. On his return to Japan in 1887, he was commissioned as a major general in the Imperial Japanese Army. In 1893, as lieutenant general, he was given command of the 4th Division.
After the outbreak of the First Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895, he was transferred to the elite 1st Division and participated in the Japanese invasion of Taiwan. During the invasion, he contracted malaria and died outside of Tainan (although there were rumors that he was killed in action by Taiwanese guerrillas).
In April 1886, Prince Kitashirakawa Yoshihisa married Shimazu Tomiko (1862–1936), the adopted daughter of Prince Shimazu Hisamitsu of Satsuma Domain. The marriage produced no children: however, Prince Yoshihisa had five sons by various concubines, as was common practice for the time: Prince Takeda Tsunehisa (22 September 1882 – 23 April 1919), Count Futara Yoshiaki (26 October 1886 – 18 April 1909), Count Ueno Masao, Prince Kitashirakawa Naruhisa (18 April 1887 – 2 April 1923), Marquis Komatsu Teruhisa (2 August 1888 – 5 November 1970).