Doctor of Philosophy, University Groningen, Netherlands, 1992.
Chief science officer BiOrion Technologies BV, Groningen, since 2003. Adjunct professor University Groningen, Groningen Research Institute Pharmacy, Netherlands, since 2003, professor, since 2009. Consultant AM-Pharma BV, Bunnik, Netherlands, 2004—2008.
Member of Dutch Society Pharmaceutical Science, Dutch Society Hepatology, American Association Study Liver Diseases.