Janson-de-Sailly High School, Paris. Louis-leGrand High School, Paris. Ecole Normale Supérieure (grande école for training of teachers), agrégation in letters (highest competitive examination for teachers).
Institute of Political Studies, Paris, diploma. National School of Administration, 1971-1973.
With Ecole National d'administration, 1971—1973. Aditor Conseil d'Etat, France, since 1973. Deputy mayor Grand Quevilly, France, 1977—1995.
Minister of industry and research France, 1983—1984. Prime minister France, 1984—1986. Mayor Grand Quevilly, France, 1995—2000.
Minister of finance France, 2000—2002. Deputy mayor Grand Quevilly, France, since 2000. 1st assistant to mayor of Grand Quevilly, France, since 1977.
Deputy Seine-Maritime, France, 1978—1981. Secretary, press charge National Socialist Party, 1979. Ministry delegate Ministry of Economy and Finance, for Budget, 1979—1981.
President National Assembly, 1988—1992. 1st secretary Socialist Party, 1992—1993. Member European Parliament, 1989, 91.
President Socialist Group in Parliament, 1995.
Spouse Françoise Castro, 1981. Children: Thomas, Victor.