Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering, Fairleigh Dickinson University, Teaneck, New Jersey, 1960. Master of Science in Mathematics, New York University, 1961. Doctor of Engineering, New Jersey Institute of Technology, 1966.
Master of Arts (honorary), University Pennsylvania, 1974.
Engineer, Sys. Development Corporation, Paramus, New Jersey, 1960-1961;
assistant, associate professor electrical engineer, New Jersey (Newark) Institute of Technology, 1961-1968;
assistant, associate professor electrical engineer, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 1968-1994;
director Energy Center, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 1975-1980;
associate dean engineering, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 1980-1984;
professor emeritus, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, since 1994. Consultant PECO Energy Company, Philadelphia, 1972-1990, Pennsylvania Power & Light Company, Allentown, 1980-1992. Visiting professor Pennsylvania, New Jersey Maryland.
Power Intercon., Norristown. Pennsylvania, 1986, Technion Israel Institute Technology, Haifa, Israel, 1992-1993.
With United States Air Force, 1952-1955. Fellow Instrument Society of America (director automatic controls system division), member Institute Electrical and Electronic Engineers, American Society Engineering Education, American Association University Professors.
Married Brenda Lois Kossman, December 25, 1959 (divorced September 1982). Children: Sanford David, Daniel Alan, Michelle Ruth. Married Julia Victoria Bukowski, May 15, 1992.
Children: Seth, Adam.