Student, Pomona College, 1945-1947; AB, University of California at Los Angeles, 1949; AM, Eastman School Music, 1950; Doctor of Philosophy, University of Southern California, 1957.
Principal studies with, Leon Kirchner, 1951-1953; assistant professor music theory, Yale University, 1960-1965; associate professor music theory, Yale University, 1965-1969; professor music composition, U. Maryland., since 1969.
Served with Army of the United States, 1954-1956. Member American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers.
Married Graydon Hindley, March 29, 1958. Children: Pamela Ann, Claramarie, Jonathan, Ruth.