Bachelor of Electrical Engineering, City College of New York, 1956; Master of Science, Columbia University, 1959; Doctor of Philisophy, Johns Hopkins University, 1962.
Lecturer City College of New York, 1956-1959. Staff scientist Research Institute for Advanced Studies, Baltimore, 1962-1964. Assistant professor Brown University, Providence, 1964-1966, associate professor, 1966-1968.
Professor University Maryland, College Park, 1968-1978. Legislation assistant to Senator John Glenn of Ohio, 1976-1977. Consultant Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, 1970-1977.
Staff director Senate Subcommittee on Energy, Nuclear Proliferation and Government Processes, 1977-1986, Senate Committee Governmental Affairs., 1987-1999. Senior science fellow Center International Security and Cooperation, Stanford University, 2006—2007. Individual affiliate Center International Security Cooperative, Standford University, since 2007.
National advisory board member Center Arms Control & Nonproliferation, since 2008. Consultant Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, since 1999.
Member American Association for the Advancement of Science, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Sigma Xi.
Married Sandra Joyce Raynes, June 15, 1958. Children: Madelyn, Eugene.