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Leopold Leonidovich Averbakh

literary critic

Leopold Averbakh, USSR Literary critic.

Background

Averbakh, Leopold was born in 1903.

Career

Leader of the militant communists in 1930s Russian literature, theorist of the On Guard and RAPP groups. Brother-in-law of Iagoda, the secret police chief. Tried to impose the dictatorship of his group on the literary scene, especially on the fellow travellers, who, proclaiming general agreement with communist demands, tried nevertheless to retain some degree of individuality.

With the establishment of the official unified dogma of socialist realism, Stalin found it expedient to get rid of the excessive zeal of the Averbakh group. He was arrested during the purges.

Religion

All religious orders impose irrational rules of good and bad behaviour.

Views

The role of the individual as a member of a collective is more important than the individual.