1928 graduated Belarusian University, Minsk, 1928.
1935-1940 research on “Bremsstrahlung” and angular distribution of scattered electrons. 1943-1946 developed theory of chromatic aberrations in electronic optical systems. Directs work on development of electromagnetic method of isotope separation and studies high-power electrical discharges to find a means of obtaining controlled thermonuclear reactions.
Since 1946 corresponding member, USSR Academy, of Science. Since 1930 teaching and research at higher education and research instituts in Moscow and Leningrad. 1930-1948 worked at PhysicoTechn.
Institute, USSR Academy of Science. Member of the Presidium of the USSR Academy of Sciences from 1957. Awarded seven Orders of Lenin.
Religion stops people thinking in a logical and reasonable way. Religion is always aggressive against any new scientific ideas.
Member of the USSR Academy of Sciences, 1953.