After having studied in Chinese schools Mr. Ch'uan went to Japan for a foreign education. He graduated from the Commercial College at Tokyo and returned to China shortly afterwards. He received the degree of A. M. after successfully passing the examinations.
Mr. Ch’uan joined the government service and was given the rank of expectant clerk. Later he was appointed Industrial Adviser to the Viceroy of Hubei. He started the Commercial College of Hubei of which he subsequently became director. Later he was transferred to the Peking Government University and became director of its commercial department.
Among the other official posts Mr. Ch’uan held were the second class sectional member of the Board of Communications and the second class sectional chief of the Railway Traffic Department. Toward the end of the Manchu government he was transferred to the Board of Interior and Commerce and was appointed a Secretary.
After the establishment of the Republic Mr. Ch’uan continued holding the position in the Ministry of Agriculture and Commerce (formerly Board of Industry and Commerce). A year later he was transferred to the Ministry of Communications where he became officiating Counselor and Acting Director of the Railway Department.
On May 26, 1916 Mr. Ch’uan was ordered to take charge of the Ministry and on June 16 he was appointed acting Vice-Minister of Communications. In October 1916 he was relieved of the acting post and returned to the Councilor post again.
From April 1917 to July 1917 Mr. Ch’uan was Vice-Minister of Communications. During the month of May he was acting for the Minister of Communications. After his resignation from the Vice-Ministership, he was at once appointed Director of the Kirin-Huining Railway which position he held only for a few months.
In January 1919 Mr. Ch’uan was appointed Director-General of the Kirin-Huining Railway and concurrently the managing director of the Kirin-Changchun Railway and was in the same month decorated by the Second Order of Paokuang Chiaho. In January 1920 Mr. Ch’uan was awarded the Second Order of Wenhu and in February, the Second Order of Tashou Paokuang. In July 1920, immediately after the Chihli-Anfu War he was appointed acting Vice-Minister of Communications and director-general of Government Railways. He was also ordered to discharge the functions of the Minister.
In August 1920 Yen Kung-ch’ao became Minister and Mr. Ch’uan handed over the office. He was at the same time relieved of the Vice-Ministership and ordered to return to Kirin-Huining and Kirin-Changchun posts. In November 1920 he was charged with having misappropriated $100,000 out of the railway construction fund. He was summoned before the Peking Court to answer the charge. The case however resulted in the finding of Mr. Ch’uan being not guilty and he was soon reinstated to the position of director- general of Kirin Huining Railway.
In May 1921 Mr. Ch’uan was removed from the Kirin-Huining post. In March 1922 he was appointed an executive member of the Commission on the Problems of Communications in connection with the Retrocession of Shantung. In May 1922 after the downfall of the Communications Clique. Mr. Ch’uan was again appointed Director-General of the Kirin-Huining Railway and to hold concurrently the post of Acting Minister of Communications. A week later he was relieved from the latter position and was Director-General of the Kirin- Huining Railway ever since that time.