Bachelor of Science in Psychology, University South Carolina, 1977. Master of Public Administration, University South Carolina, 1978. Juris Doctor, University South Carolina, 1981.
Doctor of Laws (honorary), University South Carolina. Doctor of Laws (honorary), Southern Wesleyan University, Central, South Carolina. Doctor of Laws (honorary), South Carolina State University, Orangeburg.
Doctor of Laws (honorary), Erskine College, Due West, South Carolina. Doctor of Laws (honorary), Coker College, Hartsville, South Carolina. Doctor of Humane Letters (honorary), Winthrop University, Rock Hill, South Carolina.
Doctor of Humane Letters (honorary), College Charleston, South Carolina. Doctor of Humane Letters (honorary), Allen University, Columbia, South Carolina. HD (honorary), Francis Marion University, Florence, South Carolina.
Doctorate in public service (honorary), Presbyterian College, Clinton, South Carolina. Doctorate in public administration (honorary), The Citadel, Charleston.
Area defense counsel Shaw Air Force Base, 1982-1984. Circuit trial counsel United States Air Force Europe, 1984-1988. Assistant county attorney County of Oconee, South Carolina, 1988-1992.
Private practice, 1988-1994. City attorney Central, South Carolina, 1990-1994. Member South Carolina House of Representatives, 1992—1995, United States Congress from 3d South Carolina district, 1995—2001, United States House Education & Workforce Committee, 1995—2002, United States House International Relations Committee, 1995—1998, United States House Judiciary Committee, 1997—2002, United States House Armed Services Committee, 1999—2002.
United States Senator from South Carolina, since 2002. Member United States Senate Judiciary Committee, since 2002, United States Senate Armed Services Committee, since 2002, United States Senate Health, Labor, Education & Pensions Committee, 2002—2004, United States Senate Budget Committee, since 2004, United States Senate Veterans Affairs Committee, since 2007, United States Senate Agricultural, Nutrition & Forestry Committee, 2007—2009, United States Senate Select Committee on Aging, since 2007, United States Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, 2007—2009, United States Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, since 2009. Served as Major with South Carolina Air National Guard, 1989-1995, Desert Shield/Desert Storm, served with United States Air Force Reserve, 1995—2004, colonel United States Air Force Reserve, since 2004.
Board directors Rosa Clark Free Medical Clinic, Seneca, South Carolina. Member Anderson Chamber of Commerce, Corinth Baptist Church. Member of Retired Officers Association, American Cancer Society (Oconee County Chapter fundraising chairman), Seneca Sertoma, American Legion Post 120, Walhalla Rotary.