Bachelor cum laude, William Smith College, Geneva, New York, 1981. Master of Education, Columbia University, 1992. Doctor of Philosophy with distinction, Columbia University, 1999.
Project manager China Expo Management Corporation, New York City, 1984-1986. Marketing director Multinat. Strategies, 1987-1991.
Executive director United States Tibet Committee, 1991-1993. Volunteer Human Rights Watch/Asia, 1994. Consultant The Ford Foundation, since 1998, Carnegie Council on Ethics and International Affairs, New York City, 1999.
United States Government Foreign Language and Area Studies Program fellow, 1993, 94. School International and Public Affairs/Columbia University international fellow, 1990-1991.