Diploma di pianoforte, Milan Conservatory, 1986. Bachelor in Jurisprudence, University Milan, 1991. Master of Laws, Columbia University, 1997.
Associate, Sullivan & Cromwell, London, 1997-1998; associate, Allen & Avery, Milan, since 1998. Director Museo Mapoleonico, Rivoli, Italy, since 1989.
Second lieutenant Carabinieri Member of Parliament, 1989-1990, Rome-Turin. Member Society des Amis de Malmaison (member committee d'honneur since 1989).
Married Olivia A.T. Mathijsen, June 15, 1996.