Bachelor, St. Olaf College, 1947. Postgraduate, University Paris, 1950. Postgraduate, Middlebury French School, 1947.
Master of Arts, University Wisconsin, 1948. Doctor of Philosophy, University Wisconsin, 1957.
Member Faculty St. Olaf College, 1951-1986, professor, chairman department Romance languages, 1957-1979, chairman division language and literature, 1970-1973, now retired.
Served with Army of the United States, World World War II, European Theatre of Operations.
Married Suzanne Marie Toan, July 12, 1950. Children: Leif Michel, Genevieve Marie.