Doctor philosophy national, J.W. Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany, 1955.
Manager photo-paper department Adox Fotowerke, Frankfurt, 1952-1957. Senior photograph chemist Polaroid Corporation, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1959-1960. Supervisor silver halide research 3M Company, St. Paul, 1962-1965, manager production technical department Rochester, New York, 1966-1969.
Professor photograph science and technical Rochester Institute of Technology, 1969-1994, professor emeritus, 1994. Dean Rochester Institute of Technology (College Graphic Arts and Photography), 1969-1981, 86-87. Director Rochester Institute of Technology Research Corporation, 1981-1982.
Member Society Imaging Science and Technology, American Chemical Society, Royal Photograph Society Great British, Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker, Technology Association Graphic Arts, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Photographie (correspondent), Phi Kappa Phi.
Married Gudrun Drewello, January 10, 1948 (deceased 1985). Children: Bettina, Randolph. Married Waltraud Heckmann, March 2, 1988.