Lou Reed was born Lewis Allan Reed on March 2, 1942, in Brooklyn, New York, United States to a middle-class Jewish family of an accountant Sidney Joseph Reed and Toby Futterman. His father had changed his name from Rabinowitz to Reed. Reed became infatuated with rock and roll and rhythm and blues during his teens. He wrote his own songs and performed with bands like the Shades during the 1950s; he also frightened his parents with his behavior. According to Victor Bockris’s 1995 biography Transformer: The Lou Reed Story - excerpted in Interview - the teenager turned his family’s world upside down. Tyrannically presiding over their middle-class home, he slashed screeching chords on his electric guitar, practiced an effeminate way of walking, drew his sister aside in conspiratorial conferences, and threatened to throw the mother of all moodies if everyone didn’t pay complete attention to him. The Reeds sent Lou to a mental institution, believing that treatment there would cure their son of his attitude problems and apparent homosexuality. At Creedmore State Psychiatric Hospital, the troubled teen underwent electroshock therapy; the trauma of this “cure” would never entirely leave him.