Student, Art Center School, Los Angeles, 1946-1947; Student, New School, New York City, 1947-1948.
Assistant art director, War Assets Administration, Los Angeles, 1946-1947; designer, Esquire magazine, New York City, 1948; freelance designer, consultant, Los Angeles, since 1949; instructor graphic design, Art Center College Design, Los Angeles, 1952-1960, 86-; instructor graphic design, Chouinard The Art Institute of Chicago, Los Angeles, 1960-1972; instructor, California Institute Arts, 1972-1988; head graphic design program, California Institute Arts, 1972-1982; visiting professor, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, summers 1978-1980, 83, 84, 86-88; instructor, Art Center College Design. Member graphic evaluation panel Federal Design Program, National Endowment Arts, since 1975. Design consultant Los Angeles County Museum Art, since 1957.
Served with cavalry United States Army, 1943-1945. PTO; Member Alliance Graphique Internationale, American Institute Graphic Arts (medal 1998), American Center for Design (honorary).
Married Dorothy Patricia Smith, 1954.