In his youth he joined the Imperial military service and was trained by Friedrich Heinrich von Seckendorff. In 1738, he was promoted to major general, in 1739 to Generalfeldwachtmeister. Also inn 1739, he participated in a campaign in Hungary against Turkey.
In 1741, he left the imperial service and joined the Bavarian army, where he played a role in the War of the Austrian Succession.
In 1742, he was promoted to General Field Marshal Lieutenant. Emperor Charles VII gave him the infantry regiment Holnstein and in 1743 promoted him to General Field Marshal.
Also in 1743, when he was commander of the besieged town of Braunau am Inn, he minted tin and lead emergency coins. Elector Maximilian III Joseph of Bavaria promoted him in 1745 to commander of all the Bavarian troops.
He continued fighting in the War of the Austrian Succession in 1746-1748 in the Netherlands, where he had his own regiment, named Hildburghausen.
In 1748, he resigned from Bavarian service and returned to his hometown. The marriage remained childless. Through financial contributions of the house Hohenlohe, the prince managed to complete an expensive restoration of Hellingen manor.
Pursued by creditors, he returned to active service in the Netherlands.
He died in 1759, as governor of Nijmegen.