Student, Case We. Reserve University, 1946—1948. Juris Doctor, Cleveland Marshall Law School, 1953. 26 honorary doctorate degrees, 1953—2001.
Member 91st-105th Congresses from 11th (formerly 21st) Ohio district, Washington, 1969—1999. Senior counsel Squire, Sanders and Dempsey, since 1999. Former chairman appropriations subcommittee on VA, Housing and Urban Development and Indiana Agencies.
Distinguished visiting professor Mandel School Applied Social Sciences Case We. Reserve University, since 1999.
Served with Army of the United States, 1943-1946. Member American Bar Association, American Civil Liberties Union, Cuyahoga County Bar Association, Cleveland Bar Association, Urban League, American Legion, Masons, Kappa Alpha Psi.
Married Jeanette Francis, August 21, 1960. Children: Shelley, Louis C., Angela, Lorene.