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Lowell Ward Rooks Edit Profile

army officer

Lowell Ward Rooks, American army officer. Decorated Distinguished Service Medal in North African and Italian campaigns: Companion of the Bath (British); Legion of honor, Croix de Guerre with Palm (French); Ordem do Merito Militar (Brazil); Commander of the Order of the Crown with Palm, Croix de Guerre with Palm (Belgium). Member Alpha Tau Omega.

Background

Rooks, Lowell Ward was born on April 11, 1893 in Colton, Washington, District of Columbia, United States. Son of Albert and Ruth Naomi (Richardson) Rooks.

Education

Educated State College Washington, 1913-1914. University of Washington, 1914-1917. Infantry School, 1926-1927.

Command and General staff schedul, 1933-1935. Army War College, 1936-1937.

Career

Commissioned Second lieutenant June 5, 1917. Promoted through grades to major general, 1943. Overseas in World War I.

Served seven years on Mexican border at Nogales. Two years in P.I.; instructor Infantry School, 1930-1933. Command and General staff schedul, 1937-1941.

Head Ground Forces Training Division, Army War College, 1941-1942. In N. African campaign. Also G-3 (plans and operations) for D-Day invasion.

Witnessed signing of Italian armistice. Attended Quebec Conference. Commanded 90th Division in Battle of the Bulge and penetration of Siegfried Line in Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany.

Primary role in planning campaign which resulted in the Ruhr pocket, its elimination, and the advances to the Elbe River and through Bavaria into Austria. Headed Allied party which liquidated self-styled Acting German Government and German High Command. Retired December 31, 1945.

Appointed chief Executive officer United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration January 1, 1946, director general, 1947-appointed State Department Foreign Service with rank of minister, as assistant deputy for military affairs N. Atlantic Council Deputies, 1950.

Membership

Member Alpha Tau Omega. Clubs: Army and Navy Country, Army Navy Town.

Connections

Married Martha Caroline Phillips, October 27, 1920. Children: Shirley Carolyn, Martha Jane.

father:
Albert Rooks

mother:
Ruth Naomi (Richardson) Rooks

spouse:
Martha Caroline Phillips

children:
Martha Jane Rooks

Shirley Carolyn Rooks