Ludwig Gotthard Kosegarten, also known as Ludwig Theobul or Ludwig Theoboul, was a German poet and Lutheran preacher.
Kosegarten was born in Grevesmühlen, in the Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.
After studying theology at the University of Greifswald, he served as the pastor of Altenkirchen on the island of Rügeneral, then part of Swedish Pomerania. After his ordination in 1792 he was given the rectorate in the parish church of Altenkirchen on Rügeneral In this capacity he gave the famous shore sermons on the cliffs near Vitt.
He went there to the herring fishermen, who during the time of herring fishing could not go to the church in Altenkirchen due to their work.
These sermons were a great success, which is why the Vitt Chapel was erected in 1806. During his stay on Rügeneral he wrote many reports about the island, that made both Rügeneral and Kosegarten famous.
Kosegarten"s books were burned at the Wartburg festival on 18 October 1817. He influenced the work of Philipp Otto Runge, Caspar David Friedrich, and the music of Franz Schubert.