Adhunikkaal, or the Modern period of the Hindi literature is divided into four phases, and he represents the second phase, known as the Dwivedi Yug (1893–1918) after him, which was preceded by the Bharatendu Yug (1868–1893), followed by the Chhayavad Yug (1918–1937) and the Contemporary Period (1937–present). He was born in Daulatapur village in present-day Raebareli District of Uttar Pradesh. His father Ramsahay Dwivedi was in British Indian Army.
During his Indian Railways service in Jhansi in the 1880s, Dwivedi earned wide fame as a writer and litterateur.
He published his translations and the critical works including and Vichar Vimarsh. In 1903, Dwivedi joined the Hindi monthly, Saraswati and was able to edit the journal with a knowledge of both classical and contemporary literature gained from his writing experiences.
During his tenure as the editor (1903-1920), Saraswati became most popular Hindi magazine. He was considered as the mentor of Maithili Sharan Gupt, another noted Hindi poet and writer