She is also serving on the panel of Central Board of Film Certification (Censor Board) for India. Pradhan was born to a poor family in the village of Ayatapur, in Khordha district, Odisha. She travelled 15 km daily to the only school in the entire region, to emerge as the first woman in her village to earn a law degree.
After completing her schooling from Patitapaban High School in Gambharimunda, the family shifted to Puri for her college education.
She earned a Bachelor of Arts in Economics from Government Women's College, Puri, and Master of Arts in Odia literature from Utkal University. She obtained Bachelor of Laws from G.M. Law College, Puri.