Doctor of Medicine with honors, Medical School, Genoa, 1978. Diploma with honors in Rheumatology, Medical School, Genoa, 1982. Diploma with honors in Medical Hydrology, University Milan, Italy, 1984.
Intern University Genoa, 1978-1981. Consultant General Hospital, Chiavari, Italy, 1980-1992. Researcher department rheumatology University Genoa, since 1981, professor in charge of internal medicine, since 1994.
Director Lyme Disease Center, Genoa, since 1990.
Member Italian Rheumatology Society, British Society for Rheumatology, Rheumatoid Arthritis Surgery Society.
Married Anna Maria Biale, October 16, 1982. Children: Cristina, Marta.