Bachelor, Barat College, 1943. Master of Arts, Catholic University America, 1953. Doctor of Philosophy, Catholic University America, 1956.
Postgraduate, University Michigan, 1964. Postgraduate, Sophia University, Tokyo, 1966. Postgraduate, University Minnesota, 1972.
Postgraduate, University London, 1973. Graduate, Theological Union, University California-Berkeley, 1984.
Joined, Religious of Sacred Heart, 1944; teacher high school, Academy Sacred Heart, Chicago, 1946-1949; professor of history and American studies, Barat College, Lake Forest, Illinois, 1949-1983; department chairman history, Barat College, 1958-1983; staff, World Without War Council, Berkeley, California, 1984-1988. Member Catholic Social Service Legislation Team, San Francisco, 1984-1988.