DrJur in Law and Economics, University Innsbruck, Austria, 1979.
University assistant, lecturer Institute Public Law and Political Sciences University Innsbruck, 1979—1984. Federal chairman Junge Generation youth organization Society Democratic Party Austria, 1984—1987. Positions up to deputy head. department Federal Ministry of Science and Research, 1984—1988.
Specialist European Union matters Office of Federal Chancellor, 1988—1989, head department for integration-policy coordination, 1989—1992. Director European Free Trade Association Surveillance Authority, Geneva and Brussels, 1993—1994. Vice president Danube University, Krems, Austria, 1995—1996.
Member European Parliament, 1996—2007, member committee on legal affairs, deputy member committee on constitutional affairs, member interparliamentary delegate for relations with Association Southeast Asian Nations and South Asian Association Regional Cooperation, deputy member interparliamentary delegate for relations with Canada, head delegate of Social Democratic Party Austria members, 2004—2007. Member municipal council Perg Municipality, since 1997. Deputy leader of parliamentary group of Social Democratic Party Austria members Austrian Parliament (Nationalarat), Upper House of the Austrian Parliament (Bundesrat) and the European Parliament, 2004—2007.
Minister justice Government Austria, Vienna, 2007—2008.
She was a member of the European Parliament and a Minister of Justice. Berger is a member of the European Parliament since 1996, interrupted by her tenure as Austrian Justice Minister (2007 – 2008). She is also the leader of the Social Democratic Party delegation which is part of the Party of European Socialists, and sited on the European Parliament"s Committee on Legal Affairs She was also a substitute for the Committee on Constitutional Affairs, a member of the delegation for relations with the countries of South Asia and the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, and a substitute for the delegation for relations with Canada.
Since October 2009 she is a member of the European Court of Justice.
Member of the Land party committee of the Sozialistische Partei Österreichs (Socialist Party of Austria) in Upper Austria (since 2004)
Member of the European Parliament (1996–2007, since 2008).