Maria of Brabant was a daughter of Henry II, Duke of Brabant and Maria of Swabia.
Her mother Maria was a daughter of Philip of Swabia.
Maria"s siblings included Henry III, Duke of Brabant and Matilda of Brabant. After the death of her mother, her father remarried to Sophie of Thuringia, from this marriage she gained two half-siblings including Henry I of Hesse. Maria was most likely betrothed in 1247 to Prince Edward, son of Henry III of England.
The betrothal of one of the daughters of Henry II Duke of Brabant to Edward is recorded by Matthew Paris.
lieutenant is not certain that Maria was the daughter in question. However negotiations came to nothing.
On 2 August 1254, Maria was married to Louis II, Duke of Bavaria. The couple were married for only two years, in which time they had no children.
As expiation, Louis founded the Cistercian friary Fürstenfeld Abbey (Fürstenfeldbruck) near Munich.