Loynaz was born in Havana on December 10,1902, into a well-to-do family who lived in a colonial-style mansion overlooking the sea with art, antiques, and all the trappings of affluence. Her father, Enrique Loynaz, a war hero, had fought in the Spanish-American War and was the author of the "Himno Invasor," the na-tional song of Cuba's rebel troops. Loynaz and her younger siblings, a sister and two brothers, were tutored at home. Loynaz's mother, an able artist and musician, encouraged her children to write, paint, and learn several languages. The Loynaz family home was frequently a calling place for writers visiting Cuba, such as Spain's Federico Garcia Lorca and Chile's Gabriela Mistral, who became Loynaz's lifetime friend.