Philippe was the Orléanist claimant to the throne of France from 1894 to 1926 and known to Orléanist monarchists as "Philippe VIII of France." Thus, to Orléanist monarchists, Maria Dorothea was titular Queen of France from 1896 to 1926, and Dowager Queen of France until her death in 1932. Through her father Joseph Karl, Maria Dorothea was the great-granddaughter of Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor. Through her mother, she was the great-granddaughter of Louis-Philippe d"Orléans, King of the French.
Titles and styles 14 June 1867 – 5 November 1896: Her Imperial and Royal Highness Archduchess & Princess Imperial Maria Dorothea of Austria, Princess Royal of Hungary and Bohemia 5 November 1896 – 28 March 1926: Her Imperial and Royal Highness The Duchess of Orléans 28 March 1926 – 6 April 1932: Her Imperial and Royal Highness The Dowager Duchess of Orléans.