Bachelor in Medicine, University Florence, 1984. Doctor of Philosophy, University Florence, 1992. Specialist in neurology, University Pavia, Italy, 1994.
Assistant professor University Catania, Italy, 1997-1999. Fellow University Florence, 1990-1993. International consultant Medical Institute Treatment of Pain, Santiago, Chile, since 1997.
General secretary Interuniv. Center Neurochemistry and Clinical Pharmacology of Primary Headaches, Italy. Assistant researcher University Florence, since 1999.
Assistant professor University Siena, Italy, since 2000. President Foundation Prevention Primary Pain, since 2003. Head physician Center Pain Medicine Villanova Hospital, Oncologic Center, Florence, 2008.
Member International Headache Society, International Club Functional Organic and Non-Organic Nociceptive Diseases (founder, member scientific board 1991), Foundation Prevention and Therapy of Primary Pain and Headache (president), World Neurological Federation.