Diploma, Conservatory Dramatic Arts, Prague, 1945. Diploma, Institut Des Hautes Etudes d'Interprétariat, Milan, 1955. Master of Arts, University Tennessee, 1965.
Doctor of Philosophy in French, University Kentucky, 1972.
Actress theatres, Czechoslovakia, 1945-1950. Translator, interpreter Milan, 1950-1963. From assistant professor to professor Italian, French and comparative literature University Tennessee, Knoxville, since 1963.
Visiting professor Italian Indiana University Pennsylvania, 1984-1985, Masaryk University, Brno, Czechoslovakia.
Member Modern Language Association (Southern Atlantic chapter), Southern Comparative Literature Association (member advisory board since 1987).