Bachelor, Harvard University, 1981. Master of Arts in International Affairs, Columbia School International and Public Affairs, 1986. Doctor of Philosophy in Government, Georgetown University, 1994.
Juris Doctor, Yale University, 1996.
Assistant to Richard Nixon, Office of Richard Nixon, New York City, 1978-1985. Research associate Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington, 1985-1988, fellow in international studies, 1988-1990. Professional staff member United States Senate, 1990-1991.
Assistant to Richard Nixon, Office of Richard Nixon, Woodcliff Lake, New Jersey, 1991-1992. Special assistant on policy planning staff Office of Secretary of Defense, 1992. Legislation assistant Office of Senator Orrin G. Hatch, Washington, 1993-1994.
Senior program officer Smith Richardson Foundation, Westport, Connecticut, 1994-1996, vice president, director programs, since 1996, senior vice president, director programs, since 1996. Consultant to Richard Nixon, Woodcliff Lake, 1985-1990, 93-94.
Member Council on Foreign Relations.