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Marju Lauristin Edit Profile

Marju Lauristin, Estonian social sciences educator, government official. Recipient Democracy and Civil Society award, United States Government and European Commission, 1998, Order of National Coat of Arms, President of Estonian Republic, 1998, 2006, Order of White Rose of Finland, President of Finland. Member board Popular Front, Estonia, 1989—1990; chairman Estonian Social Democratic Independence Party, Estonia, 1990—1995.


She is the daughter of the communist politicians Johannes Lauristin and Olga Lauristin, two leading politicians in the Communist Party of Estonia.


Lauristin graduated from the Tartu State University (now Tartu University) in 1966 with a degree in Journalism and Sociology of Mass Communication. In 1976, Lauristin completed her PhD studies in Journalism at Moscow University. Her thesis was focused on content analysis of newspaper texts. Since 2003, Lauristin has been a professor of Social communication at Tartu University.


Journalist Estonian Radio, Tallinn, 1961—1967. Lecturer, associate professor journalism University Tartu, Estonia, 1972—1989, professor social communications, professor social policy, 1995—1999, member council. Member parliament Supreme Soviet Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics, Moscow, 1989—1990, Riigikogu-Parliament of Estonia, Tallinn, 1999—2003.

Deputy speaker Supreme Council Estonia, 1990—1992. Minister social affairs Government of Estonia, 1992—1994. Member committee development policy United Nations, New York City, 2001—2006.

Member council United Nations University, Tokyo, 2004—2009. Member advisory committee on framework convention minority rights Council of Europe, Strasbourg, France, 2004—2008. Member executive committee European Sociological Association.


Member of executive board Popular Front of Estonia, Tallinn, 1988-1992. Chairperson Estonian Social-Democratic Party, Tallinn, since 1990. Fellow Zonta International.


  • Other Interests

    Estonian sovereignty and economic independence.


Married Peeter Vihalemm, August 24, 1978. Children: Katrin Reimann, Marin Laak. Married Enn Roose, January 27, 1961 (divorced June 1, 1978).