York University (Bachelor of Arts, 1975. Master of Arts, 1976). Osgoode Hall Law School of York University (Bachelor of Laws, 1982).
Working as a partner of SALTER APPLE COUSLAND & KERBEL. Admitted to the bar, 1984, Ontario.
Law Society of Upper Canada. Canadian Bar Association. American Society of International Law.
County of York Law Association.
Canadain Institute of International Affairs.