Master of Arts, Leningrad University, 1952. Doctor of Philosophy, Leningrad University, 1966.
Lecturer, State University of New York, Albany, 1979-1980; lecturer, University of California, Irvine, 1980-1984; assistant professor, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, 1984-1985; assistant professor, Washington University, St. Louis, 1985-1986; professor Slavic languages Department, University Pittsburgh, since 1986.
Member American Association for Advancement Slavic Studies, American Association Teachers Slavic and East European Languages.
Married Elena Dryzhakova, May 12, 1931. 1 child, Dmitry.