AB, Harvard University, 1960. Master of Education, Harvard University, 1963. Doctor of Education, Harvard University, 1970.
Systems analyst and computer programmer Raytheon Corporation, Andover, Massachusetts, 1959-1962. Instructor, associate professor Harvard University, Cambridge, 1966-1976. Assistant, associate director National Institute Education, Washington, 1973-1976.
Assistant commissioner education Department of Health, 1976-1979, chief of staff to the United States Department Education secretary, 1980. Professor University Wisconsin, Madison, 1980-1986, Stanford (California) University, 1986—2003, dean School Education, 1986—1994. Under-secretary education United States Department Education, 1993-2000, acting deputy secretary education, 1996-2000.
Program director Hewlett Foundation, 2001—2009. Director International Affairs. Senior counselor to secretary United States Department Election, 2009—2010.
Consultant, since 2010. Member Pakisthan Education Task Force. Task force, chairman Clinton Presidential Eluc K-12 Transition Team, 1992-1993.
Chairman PEW Forum on Educational Reform. Chairman board international committee studies in education National Academy of Sciences, 1992-1993.
President Madison West Hockey Association, 1982-1984. Member American Educational Research Association (chairman organization institutional affiliates 1985-1986), National Academy Education.
Married Carol Goodspeed, June 25, 1960 (divorced August 1962). Married Louise Nixon Claiborn, August 1964. Children: Adam, Jennifer, Matthew, Megan.