Institue Saint-Pierre-Fourier. Lycée Paul-Valéry; Faculty of Law, Paris. Graduate in economic science, diploma from Employment Institute of Social Science.
Diploma from Institute of Political studies, Paris.
Deputy dir., cabinet of Jean Auroux, Minister of Labour, 1981. Researcher, to Minister of Social Affairs and National Solidarity, 1983-1984. Director of industrial relations.
Ministry of Labour, Employment and Professional Training, 198487. Director General, Pechiney group, since 1989. Minister of Labour, Employment and Professional Training.
Professional career: civil administrator. Ministry of Labour, head of section on general employment policy, researcher for director of industrial relations, 1975-1979. Lecturer. École Nationale d’administration (National School of Administration), since 1978.
Civil administrator, council of state, 1980-1981.
Member French Socialist Party, national executive member, first secretary, since 2008.