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Mary Frances Lyon Edit Profile

Medical researcher

Mary Frances Lyon was British medical researcher. Achievements include discovery of X-chromosome inactivation (1961). Recipient Mauro Baschirotto award in human genetics, 1994, Wolf Foundation prize for medicine, Israel, 1997, Amory prize, 1997. Fellow: Royal Society; member: National Academy of Sciences (foreign associate), American Academy Arts & Sciences (foreign honorary).

Background

Lyon, Mary Frances was born on September 15, 1925 in Norwich, England.

Education

Bachelor, Cambridge University, 1946. Doctor of Science, Cambridge University, 1968.

Career

Head genetics section Medical Research Council (Medical Research Council) Radiobiology Unit, Harwell, England, 1962—1986, retired, 1990.

Achievements

  • Achievements include discovery of X-chromosome inactivation (1961).

Membership

Fellow: Royal Society. Member: National Academy of Sciences (foreign associate), American Academy Arts & Sciences (foreign honorary).